A Carbon Footprint measures the total greenhouse gas emissions caused directly and indirectly by a person, organisation, product, event or activity. It can be measured through the conduct of a Carbon Footprint or Greenhouse Gas Assessment, and its unit of measure is tonnes of Carbon Dioxide Equivalents (tCO2e). The carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) allows the different greenhouse gases to be compared on a like-for-like basis relative to one unit of CO2. CO2e is calculated by multiplying the emissions of each of the six greenhouse gases by its 100 year global warming potential (GWP).
A carbon footprint considers all six of the Kyoto Protocol greenhouse gases: Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
Organisational Carbon Footprint
When considering an Organisational Carbon Footprint, the total amount of greenhouse gases produced daily as a result of a business’s operations will be assessed and reported under the following three scopes;
Scope 1 – Direct emissions released from sources that are owned or controlled by the business entity
Scope 2 – Indirect emissions associated from the generation of imported energy (Electricity, Heat or Steam)
Scope 3 – All other indirect emissions that are not released from sources mentioned under Scope 2, and includes emissions which are outside an organisation's own operations.
Product / Service Carbon Footprint
A product carbon footprint quantifies the total amount of greenhouse gases produced during the entire production process, and can be calculated from “Cradle to Gate” (from raw material extraction to point of distribution) or from “Cradle to Grave” (from raw material extraction to point of consumption & disposal).
Carbon offsetting means compensating for the GHG pollution an entity creates (its carbon footprint) by preventing the same amount of pollution from happening elsewhere. More precisely, one carbon offset means compensating for emitting one tonne of CO2e into the atmosphere by preventing a tonne of CO2e from entering the atmosphere elsewhere on Earth (by investing in renewable energy, for example) or by removing a tonne of CO2e that is already in the atmosphere (by supporting green initiatives such as tree planting, for example).
Once the carbon footprint calculation has been independently verified, and the threshold limit is reached through mitigation, CCC can facilitate the purchase of an equivalent amount of carbon credits to match that of the assessed entity’s footprint, in order to completely offset it.
Carbon Offset Project Development and Management
We provide consultancy services on developing and managing Carbon Offset Development Projects. From initial consultancy, feasibility analysis, compilation and submission of relevant project documentation to liaising with relevant international bodies and arranging verification/validation visits, and if required the running of the project for its entire duration, our experts can assist you every step of the way. Whatever your requirements are, whether you are a large company looking at voluntary emissions reductions through financing an offset project, or a not for-profit/NGO planning a new CSR project that would be partly financed though carbon credits, we can develop your project in accordance to the most widely recognised standards available such as the Clean Development Mechanism (UNFCCC), Gold Standard, Verified Carbon Standard and Plan Vivo.